Vascular surgery is a type of surgery that aims to treat vascular diseases such as medical conditions that pertain to the lymphatic system and blood vessels. Vascular surgery is regularly used in the treatment of conditions such as carotid artery stenosis, aneurysms, issues with the arteries of the legs or the arms and varicose veins. Some people even receive vascular surgery for assistance with claudication. Claudication is a health condition that is characterized by troubles walking. When people have this condition, they frequently limp. Physical activity often causes people who have this condition to experience severe cramping, generally due to arterial blockage.
The world of vascular surgery is a vast one. Many surgeons specialize exclusively in vascular surgery and as a result are commonly referred to simply as “vascular surgeons.” Doctors who are employed in vascular surgery departments at hospitals typically are extremely well-versed in the subject of endovascular therapy, as well.
If an individual has a vascular disease, then he has an ailment that involves his circulatory system. The circulatory system is made up of a blood vessel network. When a heart beats, it efficiently pumps blood via this elaborate network. Blood vessels are responsible for transporting blood to all areas of the body. Veins are in charge of bringing blood back over to hearts. Arteries, on the other hand, are in charge of taking blood away from them in the first place.
Peripheral artery disease is a specific medical condition that sometimes requires vascular surgery. This disorder happens when plaque accumulates inside of the legs’ arteries. Many people who are suffering from this disease are completely unaware that something is wrong. This is because symptoms of peripheral artery disease tend to be rather subtle. Some people who have this disease don’t experience any signs of it at all.
Peripheral artery disease with time leads to obstructions that get more and more intense. This often leads to severe pain and problems with walking.
All forms of surgery come with the potential for side effects and risks, and vascular disease is certainly no exception to that rule. Surgeons generally inform their patients of all of the possible risks that could occur due to vascular surgery prior to performing the procedures. When incisions are necessary in surgery, for example, infection can always happen. Surgery that relates to the major blood vessels can often bring on increased chances of complications. Examples of possible complications that are sometimes linked with vascular surgery include bleeding, leg swelling, graft obstruction, graft failure, stroke and heart attack. If a patient is more than 65 years in age, he may be particularly susceptible to brain impairment post-vascular surgery, as well. Note that leg swelling is a possible side effect only in cases where leg veins were involved.